Shushilanhas implemented “Adapting Natural Resource Management to Climate Change and Increasing Salinity” Project, from August 2009 to 2012, with 1,000 extreme poor under Economic Empowerment of the Poorest in Bangladesh (EEP) project of Rural Development and Cooperative Division, Government of Bangladesh funded by UK aid. This supported testing collective and individual innovations to enable the extreme poor to access underused water and land for climate change resilient productive uses. The three successful of these approaches are proposed here for scaling up. The scale up project with the name of “Managing Natural Resources by the Coastal Community (MaNaR) aims to address poverty in terms of enhancing: income levels, access rights to natural resources, khaslands, water bodies, food security and nutrition, and social organisation with more 9,500 BHHs from July 2013 to December 2015.

 

Goal :Government of Bangladesh MDG targets 1 and 2 on income poverty reduction and hunger achieved by 2015.

 

Purpose: Livelihood: 9,500 extreme poor households in targeted areas have lifted themselves out of poverty. (Nutrition) –  Improved nutritional status of targeted under-2 children, adolescent girls (10-16 years) and pregnant & lactating women of 3,500 extreme poor households.

 

 

Coverage:

District

 

Upazila

 

No. of BHHs Interventions /Scaling up

 

Remarks

 

Old New
Jessore Keshobpur (new & old BHH), Monirampur (old BHH) 600 4,100 Asset Transfer, (Floating Garden, vermi compost, IGA, homestead gardening etc.), khas land management,  nutritional activities  

 

About 95% BHHs are women.

 

Ovainagar 2000
Satkhira Shayamnagar (Old & new) 200 800 Crab fattening, Saline tolerant Agr./vegetable/IGA, khas land management and nutritional activities
Kalaroa 2000
Barguna Amtali (new & Old BHHs)

Sadar (for old BHHs)

200 600 Re-excavation of Canal, multi-cropping Agr./vegetable, IGA and floating garden, khash land management, nutritional activities
    1,000 9,500  

 

 

 

Selection Criteria:

  • Daily income of less than TK-30 per person.
  • No household savings
  • 0-05 decimal homestead land
  • No microfinance

 

Beneficiary Validation and selection:

 

A total number of 8468 BHHs were selected through  primary survey. 75 BHHs were selected through random selection for final validation leading by MdSaidur Rahman and Vishal Agaral, shiree. Five teams of 2-3 members were formed for final validation process leading a group leader. After validation the team leaders showed their findings on the sharing session. The shiree team informed that new beneficiary will be included if one’s meets the proposed criteria whether or somehow anyone excluded from the list for any reason.

 

 

Selected Beneficiary Classification:

98% and 2% are female and male respectively among the selected beneficiary, where as 38%, 8%, 4% and 3% are land less, widow, elderly and disable respectively and remaining are 42%.

 

 

Management: A total of 153 staffs are involved in this project to serve 10,500 BHHs.

 

Resources:  Total BDT: 22,692745 will be the project cost out of that direct inputs will be more than 73%.

Outputs of the Project upto December 2014

 Output-1: 22% BHHs out of 9500 have secured access to khasland or waterbodies

 Shushilan has targeted 22%  BHHs will access Khas land and khas pond whereas 982 BHHs of Shyamnagar Unit, Satkhria, received 6692 Decimal temporary lease of Khas land and 288 BHHs of Amtoli unit Borguna, received 680 Decimal of Khas pond. Totally 1204 BHHs applied for temporary lease of Khas land. The project already surveyed of khas with the collaboration of Union Land officer and Upazila Local Government of all implementing area to apply for the land less BHHs. 982 BHHs of Shyamnagar are processing to apply for permanent land lease from the temporary lease of khas land. 288 BHHs of Amtoli received registration as fisher man from Ministry of Fisheries so that they cultivate fish on three re-excavated canels and others khas ponds, these three canels re-excavated in 2013-14 by the support of the project. Another one canel is processing in KesobpurUpazila, Jessore by that BHHs and community will get water in dry season. BHHs of Amtoli cultivating vegetables on the bank of these canels so that BHHs getting profit by selling vegetables and fish and fulfilling Nutrition Calorie within these day food consumption.

 Output-2: Provided productive assets to targeted 9,500 extreme poor households to take up natural resource based enterprises.

BHHs were provided training on “IGA Management and Skill Development” collaborating with different Govt. department such as agriculture, fisheries, Livestock etc., before transferring assets. Assets have been transferred to the BHHs according to their own household Micro Plan. Shushilan emphasized more than 1 IGAs to each household especially those households have capable persons and even adolescent girls. All BHHs already received IGAs mostly covered livestock, agriculture and different small trading. Reducing vulnerabilities Sr. Agriculture and Livestock officer have been providing consistent support through ensuring vaccination to livestock assets, assessing production, marketing and counselling. Government officers have also been supporting directly and indirectly with the project staff on IGAs quality assurance. Currently some BHHs those received boats of the shyamnagar Unit facing trouble to entry into Sundarban for fishing due to the restriction of Bangladesh Government. A total number of 24 goats, 10 cows and a pig died of disease and 2 van were thief.  Recovery plan is surveying having right and participatory decision for these BHHs to become on the right tract again.

Vegetables Village: A village named Ziadanga under prembag union, Avhaynagarupazila of Jessore district where 161 BHHs took land lease for multi crop production. Previously most of the land of this village used only for fish production. After BHHs selection from this village, they could not find out IGAs for their family. Most of the BHHs are agriculture based land labourer so they decided to take these land lease for vegetable production. Now the village is very popular for vegetable production. Daily few trucks come for vegetables purchasing by some local entrepreneurs. Most of the people are now called vegetable village. The project is targeting to create few local entrepreneur from the BHHs to ensure maximum profit.

Output-3:   Enhanced   ability   of   9,500   extreme   poor   households   to   cope   with external hazards with access to public and private services.

The main challenge of the project for the BHHs is to cope with external hazards. To face such tremendous challenge shushilan’s innovation is to open a Bank account of each beneficiaries, this innovation is only for shushilan among shiree partners organizations. Already 95% BHHs opened account at Govt. and non Govt. Banks, Post offices and registered Cooperatives (especially banking facilities not available) amounting more than 1 core BDT. Advocacy meeting at different stage of Govt. such as union, upazila, district and divisional level have been organizing to show BHHs demands and rights,  and having access Govt. safety net services. BHHs are also getting services and technical supports from Govt. livestock, agriculture and fisheries officers such as vaccination, fertilizer management, training and counselling et

Health Shock Support:

A total number of 64 BHHs received health shock support for different critical diseases. Among of them named TaslimaKhatun, of Biddanondakhati Union, Kesobpur, Jessore received about 34 days consistent treatment at Khulna Medical college Hospital for Kidney stone disease from the project support amounting highest 24000 BDT. After her treatment she is being enabled to take responsibilities of her own family like before. She took a cow and a got, now she is getting able to take care of these assets. Her wish is to sell these assets for maximum profit and reinvest in land lease for her husband.

Output-4:   Developed   group   enterprises   that   can   enable   and   sustain   natural resource based interventions

To secure sustainable development the project targeted to develop group enterprise and natural resource based intervention. IGA based group enterprise has been developing leading with entrepreneurship. 14 group already received registration from fisheries department of Bangladesh. They are cultivating fish for the first time and hoping for maximum profit. UNO of Amtoli visited the fishing canels and ensured required services. 4 Marketing linkage workshop were organized at four upazila with 4 objectives like to show BHHs production and different products, support for marketing and value chain, demand for legal price and linkage with local Business man. BHHs those are connected with different small business and local products they delivered their views, opinion, and market deprivation process to the different stakeholders. Local stakeholders suggested to the BHHs and the project management for different initiatives in the policy level.

Output-5:  Target groups received direct nutritional interventions as per national and international standard

The targeted nutrition groups like 0-5 children, Adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating mother, are receiving different nutrition support such as sprinkle for 7-24 months children, IFA and deworming tablets for adolescent, pregnant and lactating mother. Different guideline on health, nutrition and gender, flip charts and posters have been provided to the BHHs to raise awareness on nutrition issue. On the group meeting CPKs discussed about food, nutrition and sanitation related issues to all group members for common knowledge sharing and development on health and nutrition. CPKs received different training from Nutrition cum Master Trainer (NOMT) of the project on nutrition activities and technical operations. They keep register for properly monitoring and follow up of the beneficiary which are regularly checked by the project Nutrition officer.

 

Case Study: “Papia is now a community trainer”

At the beginning of project she was a 9th month pregnant mother. Now she has two daughters. She informed that “ I did not have good knowledge on health care specially pregnancy period so that I had faced huge trouble at my first child breeding, I became very ill and weak for a long time, at second time I was extremely feared over the pregnancy, on that time due to my extreme poverty I have been included in the EEP/Shiree project, after that like a dream they took my full responsibilities and ensured support at every period, they always take care through counselling, providing medicine, nutrition and health knowledge, as a result I didn’t face any problem in second time birthing” in such way she expressed her feelings. Her child has been receiving sprinkle regularly so that its health condition is quite sound and hasn’t face any critical problems. She is conscious on sanitation and Hygiene and try to practice of households. She always shred her knowledge with community members so that she has now good image on society.

Major Challenges

  • Control on natural and public resources
  • Management of the collective IGA
  • Selection & disburse diversified IGAs within due timeframe
  • Reduce vulnerabilities especially increasing salinity and natural disaster
  • Safe and pure drinking water

Lesson Learnt

  • BHHs selection process can be uninterrupted if peoples’ participation can be ensured from the beginning
  • More than one IGA guarantees increasing HH income
  • Khash land, Khash water body utilization by the extreme poor resulting contribution towards national income
  • Traditional and cultural production sectors are beneficial for the extreme poor especially cattle rearing
  • Agricultures are losing concern but the extreme poor proved it is not.

We are committed for:

10 commitments announced on the october’14 PMC (Project Management committee) meeting to be achieved for all BHHs within the project period along with graduation imperatives by the director that are;

  1. Open individual Account
  2. Install Hygiene Latrine
  3. Remove Illiteracy
  4. Access Govt. Khas land/pond
  5. Improve Family Planning
  6. Stop early marriage and dowry
  7. Ensure children schooling
  8. Improve Nutrition through homestead vegetable cultivation
  9. Access in Govt. Services and facilities
  10. Ensure sustainable market

Visitor’s Information of 2014:

January: Md. Saidur Rahman, Programme Manager of shiree visited two times over the project activities at Keshobpur of Jessore and provided his valuable suggestions that is being very much helpful to implement the project activities.

February: A team from Ecorys and Shiree visited at kesobpur, jessore to follow up the project activities. The purpose of the visit was to have a general idea of how the Shiree project interventions are conducted in the grass roots level. Justin Ormand, Shiree project Manager, Ecorycs- UK, Chris Ralf, Managing Director, Ecorycs-UK, John Woolner, Program Director-Shiree, Saidur Rahman, Senior Program Manager-Shiree and Sabah Sheesh Ahmed, YP Shiree in the team. Mr. Ciroco of SDC and Saidur Rahman, Programme Manager of shiree also visited the field level activities of Shushilan recently.

March: Mr. Ciroco, SDC, Shazia Ahmed, Head of advocacy and Communication from Shiree and Saidur Rahman, Senior Programme Manager of shiree visited at Keshobpur field activities on 5th March, 14.   They visited our livelihood and nutrition component activities.   On 16th March, 14 Vishal Gadavi, Associate Programme Manager (YP) and Md. Saidur Rahman, Senior Programme Manager of shiree visited our additional 7000 BHH at Abhaynagar&Keshobpur of Jessore and Kalaroa of Satkhira district as a part of verification.

April: On 28th April, 2014 the lesson learning workshop participants were visited our innovation as well as scaled up project at Munshiganj and ramjannagar Union of shyamnagarUpazillla. MelkanmeshAlemu from DFID, Md. Muzaffar Ahmed from Save the Children International, Zahid Hossain from  HSI, Saidur Rahman from Shiree  were visited our innovation activities at munshiganj on the other hand Mr. ShamsulAlam&Dwitya from Shiree, MatinSarder from CARE and Atiqur Rahman from Save the Children were visited our scaled fund activities at Ramjannagar Union of shyamnagar.

May: Md. Saidur Rahman, Senior Programme Manager of shiree visited Avhaynagar and Keshobpur office and participated two groups meeting and IGAs & Skill Development Training session at Sundoli and Pajia Union, Avhaynagar and Kesobpur respectively on 22th May. He counseled with the staffs at unit offices and instructed for project implementation strategies and documentation. At the training session he talked with the beneficiaries & trainer about the training and discussed on Shiree project activities, BHH criteria, IGAs selection & skill development. At the village level group meeting he participated at formal group meeting and discussed on group activities, responsibilities, IGAs selection etc, He followed up a Scale UP BHH group at Ricipara at Pajia union in KesobpurUpazila where he discussed on IGAs selection, diversification & profit re-utilization process, Bank Account and overall project achievement and visited each beneficiary households. Ms. RiffatJahan – Contracts Manager, Muhammad Jashim Uddin – Sr. Accounts Manager, shiree visited Kesobpur and Shyamnagar office and fields on 6 & 7th may. Mr. Sah-Alam, Programe Manager (Nutrition) visited Amtoli, Borguma on 19th May at Chrowa Union where he recommended on CPKs register update and record keeping process.

June: Md. SamsulAlom, Senior Nutrition Officer and Ms. Faria, Nutrition Manager, shiree, visited at kesobpur- jessere on 14/6/14 and commented that” We visited two groups at Motherdanga Adolescent Group and Pachpakaboli, General Group. Adolescent group response is excellent and has good knowledge on food & Nutrition, reproductive health as well as raising awareness on different risks and challenges. They have been provided timely Iron Folic and De-worming Tablets. We participated at general group meeting and discussed on group activities, IGAs, empowerment and leadership. We also visited BHH for counselling and monitoring assets; observed BHH selected their own IGAs and getting profit from IGAs and gradually securing their livelihood. CPKs new register information should update, hope they reach early, indeed the overall achievement is excellent”

July:Md Anwar Chowdhry, Chief Finance Officer,Shiree, visited Shushilan on 06/07/14 and conducted meeting with EEP/Shiree staff which was chaired by the Director of Shushilan. M Mujibur Rahman, PC, facilitated the meeting and showed the response against Shiree Audit Team feedback where some responses were recommended. PC also updated about the project progress against action plan and showed IGAs based assets disbursement proportion like Agriculture, Livestock, small trading etc. Mr. Anwar Chowdhury got informed about the technical support to the BHHs on Agriculture and Livestock and emphasized on to recruit a Livestock Officer for proper technical support on livestock assets. He discussed on the Organization financial, Procurement policy, labor low, internal and external audit, monitoring & evaluation and Org development. Finally the director acknowledged for that fruitful and pragmatic discussion for the development of shushilan and thanked all participant for collaboratively participation on the meeting.

August: Md Anwar Chowdhry, Chief Finance Officer, Shiree, visited an Innovation and three Scaled up groups at Kesobpur, Jessore on 18/8/14 and shared field visit experiences with staff at the feedback session. He viewed very positive responses after observing project progress on the implementing activities and innovations by the project such as floating garden, vegetable cultivation, IGAs revolving and assets generation, health, sanitation and nutrition knowledge. In the feedback session he recommended for smoothly implementation of the project activities like, importance of maintaining BHH Passbook to keep diversified information within a certain book, controlling over IGAs up to the graduation, land agreement and quantity above 25 deml, use artificial cross techniques for livestock IGAs, contingency plan for supplementary IGAs etc. Finally he praised of shushilan staff proportion between male and female as the project emphasis of the female staff.

September: Md. Saidur Rahman, SPO, shiree, visited Kalaroa, Satkhria and Kesobpur, Jessore, and reported, ” The group was formed on 7th June in 2014; it was a routine meeting; all 25 BHHs have received assets from the project including vegetables seeds for homestead garden; examined asset distribution register and found okay; most of the BHHs reinvested their gains; all the BHHs opened individual bank account and depositing savings on a monthly basis. Mr. Alomgir and Mr. Shamsul, Nutrition Officer, shiree, also participated on that meeting and informed about nutrition activities and status of the BHHs.

October: M. Schutczs (DFID), M Saidur Rahman (Shiree), MostafaNuruzzaman Director shushilan, visited Kesobpur on 18/10/14 to measure project progress throughout project implementation. A power-point slide presentation showed by M Mujibur Rahman, P.C explaining project progress and achievement. They visited two group, one additional group at KesobpurSadar and another Innovation group at Trimohani. They participated on group meeting and discussed with BHHs also checked Group documents. They visited BHHs households to follow up BHHs IGAs, They showed satisfaction for the continuation of Shushialn Innovation such as floating garden, BHH bank Account etc.                                                         M. Saidur Rahman visited Kalaroa on 22/10/14, he participated at two group meeting and discussed with BHHs about their progress followed up BHHs IGAs visiting households.

November:NazirAhamed Khan, CEO, shiree and M Saidur Rahman SPO, Shiree visited three groups in kesobpur, jessore on 18/11/14 and commented that BHHs have been able to utilize their assets so that thay are do well to the graduation level. They also want to show their own achievement to the visitors that aslo a positive indicator of their success.                                                                         Md. Saidur Rahman visit two groups in Shyamnagar on 19/11/14 and recommended over some issues; 1. Ensure homestead gardening 2. Take care properly of livestock assets to reduce vulnerabilities 3. Complete group registration from cooperative department 4. Applied for permanent land lease. 5. Find out khas pond, hat, bazar, gat for lease.6 properly reinvestment of IGAs. 7. Properly support of CPK’s activities.

December: Md. Arifur Rahman, Poverty and Livelihood Advisor, DFID, visited Shyamnagar Tiger Point of shushilan on 29th December. PC, APC. Sr.M&R and Sr. Agriculture Officer presented on sharing meeting, Mr. Rahman shared about BHHs graduation process, Shushilan challenges to implement the project activities and phase put planning. PC and APC showed project progress and provided fact sheet and shared overall planning, process and challenges. Mohammad AlomgirHusan, Sr. Nutrition Officer &ShieshirKani Das Senior Finance Manager visited: Keshobpur, Kolaroa, Avhaynagar and shyamnagar visited from 29th Dec to 31 Dec. After field visit they showed some finding and recommendation in the sharing meeting at the Shushilan head office.

Conclusion

Shushilan is committed to achieve its proposed targets within the due time frame combining with participatory planning, implementation, monitoring and feedback of the BHHs, project partners and different stakeholders by the guidance and assistance of shiree to fetch the ultimate project and MDG goals 1 and 2.